Author: analegeo (Page 1 of 5)

Observed changes in air temperature, urban – suburban temperature difference in the region of Sofia (Bulgaria)

Nina NIKOLOVA Radoslav EVGENIEV 10.52846/AUCSG.22.1.01 10.52846/AUCSG.22.1.01

Abstract

Climate change and the impacts of anthropogenic activity on climate in Europe is documented in many scientific publications but the investigations about climate impact and particularly urban climate are relatively few for Bulgaria. The present paper investigates the variability of seasonal and annual air temperature in Sofia city and surrounding areas (towns Bankya and Bozhurishte) for the period 1961-2015 based on the linear regression method. In order to investigate the urban heat island (UHI) intensity, the air temperature difference between the city and its surroundings is calculated. The study shows increase of air temperature difference between the city and suburban territories during the recent years. The linkages between the observed variability of air temperature difference and atmospheric circulation and urbanization are investigated.

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Dealing with economic problems through solving the problem of climate change

Orose LEELAKULTHANIT 10.52846/AUCSG.22.1.02 10.52846/AUCSG.22.1.02

Abstract

Dealing with a slowdown in economic growth is something that no country wants to be concerned with. Neither do countries want to face the reality of widening gaps in income or the realities that attend changes in the climate that we are experiencing in the world today. This study focuses on these issues and makes an attempt to find solutions to them. First there are discussed the negative impacts that climate change has on economic growth and income inequality. It is the author’s contention that if a solution can be found to the various problems connected to climate change, solutions to these other problems will be found. The paper ends with a discussion of the role that business can play in finding solutions to the problems regarding climate change.

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GIS based quantitative morphometric analysis of the hydrographic network: a regional case study (southwestern romania)

Cristina Georgiana ZANFIR 10.52846/AUCSG.22.1.03 10.52846/AUCSG.22.1.03

Abstract

GIS (Geographic information System) techniques, characterized by high accuracy of mapping and measurement, prove to be a competent tool in morphometric analysis. The main goal of the study is to analyze the hydrographic network in linear form (vector) by overlaying databases from different periods (vector layer made in 2003 and layer made in 2017) for a regional case study within Southwestern Romania. The database organized in layers aims to reproduce characteristics of the drainage network: the cartographic maps scale 1: 100.000, Geo-referenced in ArcGIS 10.4); the first version of the hydrographic network used in the first River Basin. The results of this analysis will be concentrated on the length of the river network correlated with the two layers and also on the relief based on a DTM (cell size 5×5 m) within the study area. The relevance of the discussions lies in highlighting the differences appeared over time regarding the hydrographic network spatially using GIS based quantitative morphometric analysis.

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Study of seismic risk perception in Craiova municipality

Adelina NENIU 10.52846/AUCSG.22.1.04 10.52846/AUCSG.22.1.04

Abstract

This study aims to evaluate the perception of the population regarding the potential danger generated by earthquakes in Craiova. Although it is located at a significant distance from the main seismic region of Romania (i.e. about 400 km from Vrancea), Craiova Municipality is still in an area with seismic risk according to the National Institute of Research and Development for Earth Physics (NIEP/INFP in Romanian). Regarding the seismic area in Romania, Craiova is classified at an 8 level on the MSK scale (according to Law no. 575/2001); moreover, the strong earthquakes produced in the last half-century had some notable effects on the territory of the municipality. In Craiova, the deficiencies concerning the anti-seismic education, the condition of the old constructions that are still used, the non-conforming structural changes brought to the buildings, etc. may increase the risk of an earthquake of medium and high magnitude. The present paper is based on the random sampling of 120 people from Craiova Municipality regarding their perception of earthquakes. It was found that half of them experienced at least one major earthquake (particularly that of 1977, which caused significant property damage and fatalities). The personal experience of such an earthquake or the participation in the simulative exercises of an earthquake in the city determines some of the respondents consider that they have learned how to behave during an earthquake. On the other hand, some of the respondents (especially the single or retired ones) expressed their lack of trust in the help they could receive during an earthquake.

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In search of the last beasts of the animal kingdom. A study based on geography and handmade drawings

Mihai MUSTĂȚEA 10.52846/AUCSG.22.1.05 10.52846/AUCSG.22.1.05

Abstract

Large and powerful animals represent a source of fear and fascination for humans and influence the evolution of culture, civilization and science. Although the maximum size reached by such beasts has been the subject of intense controversy, little scientific interest has been given to distinguish reality from fiction. Therefore, the goal of our study was to identify the largest specimens of the contemporary mega fauna. In order to do so, we have a) selected the most representative species and identified the largest specimens through a scientific literature synthesis, b) reconstructed their distinctive physical features through detailed handmade drawings, and c) analyzed their location in relation to the distribution of reserves and intact ecosystems. Our results indicate that the maximum size reached by large water predators, such as sharks and crocodiles, has been much more documented compared to large land carnivores and herbivores. Almost all of the exceptionally large specimens identified were located in protected areas. In several cases, such as the Indian elephant (Elephas maximus) and the saltwater crocodile (Crocodylus porosus), the largest individuals have been identified in the last couple of decades. The results represent a true statement concerning the importance of preserving mega fauna species, and reveal that, despite increasing human population and pressure over the natural environment, the beast of the animal world can still survive in modern times, due to the conservation of large wild habitats through networks of protected areas.

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Sustainable tourism development – an applied model of the Bucegi mountains

Mirela Elena MAZILU Ionuț-Adrian DRĂGULEASA 10.52846/AUCSG.22.1.06 10.52846/AUCSG.22.1.06

Abstract

The planning and management of the Bucegi Mountains require tools which allow a broad and essential view in order to identify the tendencies and promotion of some balanced projects of development. Based on the connection between the development of tourism, specific activities and touristic destination, the Bucegi Mountains capitalize the presence of some touristic facilities and technical-utility features which may ease the capitalisation, mainly, of the natural potential – support for the practice of various forms of tourism: mountainous tourism, recreation tourism, adventure tourism, cave diving, etc. The most important principles of sustainable tourism can be applied to all forms of tourism, including the niche tourism. Consequently, the way some forms of tourism are practised in natural reserve areas must maintain the essential ecological process, so as the aesthetical values or the cultural authenticity of the host communities to promote the traditional values or the cultural-historical patrimony. Thus, sustainable tourism must contribute to the reduction of the risk of poverty in the local communities.

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Population ageing in rural Romania – regional disparities and social implications

Cristina ȘOȘEA 10.52846/AUCSG.22.1.07 10.52846/AUCSG.22.1.07

Abstract

Population ageing is occurring on more extensive areas worldwide, is affecting rural areas with greater intensity and at a faster pace than ever. This study aims to evaluate the main demographic changes and their social consequences in post-communist Romania, highlighting the particularities of rural decline phenomenon and taking into account regional and gender-related patterns and causalities. Unfavourable demographic trends recorded in rural Romania emphasize the urgent necessity to address the complex processes associated with rural depopulation through national, regional or even local solutions and approaches.

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The influence of climatic conditions on the forest vegetation within the Getic Subcarpatians – Oltenia sector

Adelina – Iuliana NENIU Alina Ștefania VLĂDUȚ
Abstract

The present paper aimed to render the correlation between the climatic conditions and forest vegetation within the Subcarpathian area, based on specific bioclimatic indices. In order to emphasize this correlation, there were analysed the spatial distribution and temporal variability of three indices – “De Martonne” aridity index (Ia), Ellenberg Quotient (EQ) and the forestry aridity index (FAI). The average monthly and annual temperature and precipitation data cover a period of 58 years (1961-2018). Based on the average values of the three indices it resulted that the central and eastern parts of the study area, with lower altitudes, is more suitable for the development of thermophilic species (oak, but also other deciduous species), while the western part, as well as at higher altitudes, beech (Fagus silvatica) and even coniferous species find proper conditions. The results indicate a good correlation among different bioclimatic indexes and between bioclimatic indexes and CLC 2018 classes of vegetation cover. In terms of temporal evolution, there Were not identified any statistically significant trends for the analyzed indices, mainly due to the fact that temperature increase in the area was also accompanied by the increase of the precipitation amount.

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Toponyms within the Parâng mountains reflected in cartographic documents over time

Emil MARINESCU
Abstract

The study highlights the significance of the toponyms and their use in time within the Parâng Mountains, their diversity (oiconyms, geomorphonyms, hydronyms, hodonyms, anthroponyms, hileonyms), their preservation or loss over time. An important aspect is the difference between the toponyms on cartographical materials and their location and names assigned by the locals.

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Recreational quality of urban green spaces. Case study Craiova

Ioan Eustațiu MARINESCU Gheorghe CURCAN
Abstract

Sustainable cities base their existence on urban green spaces. These places are
intended to provide high quality services for the recreational activity of urban dwellers. At present, most of the green spaces became overcrowded and intensely used. The analysis of recreational quality was carried out in the Botanical Garden of Craiova, which offered us the perfect experimental area for the study. The Botanical Garden is surrounded by blocks of apartments and intensely inhabited areas. There has been recorded an increased number of visitors as a result of the degradation and disappearance of smaller green areas in the neighborhoods like Craiovita and Brestei. Thus the Botanical Garden became the place that serves almost exclusively one third of the city dwellers of 5 surrounding territorial units of Craiova. For this reason, we proposed a set of criteria for the analysis and assessment of recreational quality of green spaces, namely overloading, satisfaction and shift addressability.
This criteria would explain why urban densification around the green areas contributed to the reduction of its recreational quality. The final outcomes of the study can contribute to a better management of overcrowded urban green areas. It may also be a useful tool for local authorities and city planners.

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Ecoturism certification systems in the Danube cluster area

Loredana DRAGOMIR Alexandru DOBRESCU Mirela MAZILU
Abstract

The subject of certification and certification systems is a vast, complex and at the same time topical subject, in recent years being increasingly associated with tourism and especially ecotourism. The concept of ecotourism and other sustainable forms of tourism have their origins in the ecological movement of the 1970s. Ecotourism became relevant in the late 1980s, after the Manila Conference on World Tourism in the 1981, where it was unequivocally stated that tourism causes more harm than good to people and destinations. To avoid this, emphasis has been placed on the development of ecotourism, that form of tourism that is often in a convergent relationship with nature. In turn, certification systems are processes designed to encourage and reward firms that choose to produce or market products that use the highest social and environmental standards in their production. Obtaining them involves consulting with a variety of stakeholders and uses primarily a performance-based system, but also a third-party audit. They may also include the creation or implementation of a management system to help establish better and more efficient environmental procedures. The basic purpose or motto of this type of program can be characterized as a risk reduction.

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Rural tourism asset development. Maramureș county as case study

Amalia NIȚĂ Gina SURUGIU
Abstract

Maramureș County has many attractions, but only some of them can generate a significant number of foreign visitors and can be considered tourism assets. Most of them and all the supporting infrastructure need further development. Common identified problems include a high number of facilities that are less developed, lack of proper marketing and tourism interpretation. The existing businesses of rural tourism that may serve this tourist market could improve their products in order to capture a larger share of visitors, overnights and spendings. Overall, the lodging establishments, mainly the rural boarding houses, which are dominant in the area, record a number above the national average level with no need for construction of new establishments as the hotels; the tourist flows are dominantly national. Rural tourism proves to be vitally important to the economy of the county, the visitors spending having a high impact in most of the communities. The tourism development should focus on a better system for implementation of marketing and interpretation programs such as thematic routes, common marketing strategy, county collaboration and creation of common web, mobile and print materials. All these measures can help and revitalize the family businesses in the rural areas of Maramureș.

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The isolated rural communities in Domogled-Cerna Valley National Park

Cristina ȘOȘEA Simona GHEORGHIȚĂ
Abstract

Tourists tend to choose natural areas as a destination for leisure and relaxation and Domogled-Cerna Valley National Park constantly “provides” these opportunities. It stands out due to its natural heritage, but the specificity of the area is given by the presence of picturesque isolated human settlements on the ridges of Cerna Mountains, the isolated hamlets belonging to Cornereva in Caraș-Severin county, known for being the largest commune in Romania in terms of number of villages. The main objective of this research derives on the one hand, from the necessity to emphasize the remarkable potential of the studied area, with endemic species, mountain trails with different degrees of difficulty, ecotourism activities and unique experiences, but moreover to draw attention to its fragility.

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The dynamics of the cultural – artistic phenomenon in Dolj county (2014-2019)

Alexandra-Lucia ZAHARIA
Abstract

The dynamics of the cultural – artistic phenomenon in Dolj County involves the identification of the forms of cultural manifestations carried out in the last five years in this area, the presentation of the main events of this kind from the county, with reference to the existing human resources necessary for such manifestations. The main purpose of this research is to do a “radiography” of the cultural phenomenon in Dolj County, in order to discover future trends that can lead to the development of the current, but also to propose some directions to diversify the existing supply based on which the number and diversity of tourists can multiply. The analyzed period is that of the last six years (2014-2019). It will be noted that the current cultural product is made up of various elements, with different forms (touchable or untouchable), services and infrastructure in a process of continuous development, which can outline together a future local brand (specific to human settlements), area or even county. The cultural – artistic manifestations generate cultural industry and default tourism. The cultural tourism is an unique and diverse economic phenomenon, which comprises a number of complex investments designed to attract, receive and satisfy the needs of consumers.

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Active methods in geography classes. A comparative analysis through practical activities

Elisabeta CIOCAN
Abstract

Most scientific works define “method” as a “path towards” reaching the goals envisaged by teaching activities, for a more efficient educational process. The work focuses on the advantages and disadvantages of using the method “Gallery Tour”, a method included in the category of “collaboration-based learning techniques”, and the method “I know/I want to know/I have learned”, a method falling under “techniques for developing critical thinking” in teaching the informative content “Biopedoclimatic areas” included in the syllabus for the 9th grade, in the learning unit “Life and Soils on Earth”. Collaboration-based learning techniques determine competition-based learning experiences. The mechanical reproduction of information is avoided, but there is the disadvantage that some students may have a passive attitude and an unequal participation in solving work tasks. Such methods prevent monotony and boredom. Techniques for developing critical thinking imply understanding the information and the reasoning. Students analyse ideas logically, argue, ask, accept or reject information. They observe, judge, state judgments of value. Such techniques stimulate the students’ curiosity.
Within both methods, knowledge is acquired through personal effort, passed through their own experience, through the filter of their thinking. They understand and reproduce them according to their age specificities. “The Gallery Tour” and “I know/I want to know/I have learned that” stimulate the students’ curiosity and interest for finding out new information, as efficient, active learning methods.

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Preliminary analysis of the visiting impact on the natural environment of Romanescu Park

Ioan Eustațiu MARINESCU
Abstract

Romanescu Park represents one of the main natural areas for leisure and urban comfort in Craiova. The study aims at analyzing the ecological footprint of the park through the calculation of the absolute values, by the ratio of ecological effective surface to the number of visitors on specific time intervals (daily, weekly, monthly). The paper is also focused on the identification of the main visiting corridors (pressure corridors) of the park area. The main findings of the research can contribute to the identification of the critical areas and to the rehabilitation, regeneration and improvement of degraded natural biotopes of the park. It can also become a useful tool for local authorities in order to increase the quality of natural biota and general recreational comfort of this urban green area.

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Dynamics and regional disparities of the foreign direct investments in Romania

Mihaela LICURICI
Abstract

The present study aims to evaluate the linkages between one of the most important instruments of economic globalization, namely foreign direct investments/FDI and regional social-economic characteristics. The research focuses on the dynamics and territorial differentiations registered by the FDI in Romania, underlaying the advantages of the host area in terms of economic growth, job creation, stimulation of technology transfer and trade.

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Impact of land use/land cover on urban heat island (UHI) within Bucharest area

Sorin AVRAM Irina ONȚEL Ștefan NEGREANU
Abstract

Environmental issues, in the context of climate change attracted the attention of researchers, government organizations and NGOs, which cooperate to find solutions on the greenhouse effect and decrease carbon dioxide in urban areas. Urban planning could play a key role in minimizing climate risks for the human environment. Bucharest is a very dynamic capital-city in terms of economy and demography and thus its urban extension, along new built-up areas and changes of land use/land cover, has a direct influence on many environmental issues, for example the variation of spatial distribution of temperatures. Over the past 30 years, the urban landscape in Bucharest has been changing as new elements were newly constructed or transformed: numerous residential neighbourhoods in the city and mostly in its peripheral areas, vast commercial areas, business centres, etc. The main objective of this research is to demonstrate the relationship between land cover/land use classes and temperature variations, identified by satellite imagery. Therefore, satellite imagery provided by Landsat 5 TM, Landsat 8 OLI/TIR, Sentinel 1 scenes acquired from the years 1990, 2000, 2007, 2015, 2016, 2017, 2018 were selected for this study. The spatial resolution is 30 m for Landsat images in order to demonstrate the correlation between land use/land cover changes and LST estimation. A multi-temporal analysis was also conducted. Nowadays, high-resolution satellite imagery may contribute greatly to the monitoring of green spaces, saving time and money.

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Comparative case study regarding the urban evolution form of three european capital cities using GIS

Adelina NENIU Cristiana VÎLCEA
Abstract

Urban settlements have always been attractive for the population throughout the history for a better living purposes, working opportunities or even good places for robbery during the wars or migrations. Depending on natural conditions, history or migratory events, cities around the world had known a spectacular evolution over the time, knowing different stages of organized or chaotic growth of their form. Regardless of the population increase registered in the past or the present demographic decline which affects most of the European states, the main cities continued to extend their area. This research presents, in a comparative study, the evolution of three European capitals (Bucharest, Paris and Madrid) in different moments of the history, starting with the 15th century. The study also includes an analysis of the demographic evolution. Using old cartographic resources, recent satellite images and open access databases, the authors analyse the evolution of the form and main directions of urban extension of the three European capitals in relation to the natural conditions and main roads. All data and cartographic resources had been processed and represented using open-source GIS software.

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Green tourism principles in Romania

Mirela MAZILU Loredana DRAGOMIR Sabina GHEORGHECI
Abstract

Global trends and priorities change: more than ever the overarching challenge for the tourism sector is to remain competitive while also embracing sustainability recognizing that, in the long term, competitiveness depends on sustainability. In particular, climate change is now seen as a fundamental issue also requiring the tourism industry to reduce its contribution to greenhouse gas emissions and the destinations to adapt to changes in the pattern of demand and in the types of tourism they offer.
The dynamics, depth and scale of transformations in all sectors of economic and social life are reflected, inter alia, in the change of economic structures, the hierarchy of the branches in accordance with the requirements of scientific and technical progress, the rational exploitation of the full potential of resources and the increase in efficiency, with the requirements of the life quality improvement. At the same time, major changes are taking place in economic growth models by focusing on intensive types, towards areas of sustainable development, globalization and integration. In this context, tourism manifests itself as a social component, with significant participation in general progress and,

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Cross-border cooperation programmes – from premises to achievements. Tourism within Romania-Serbia border region as case study

Liliana POPESCU Amalia NIȚĂ Cristina ȘOȘEA
Abstract

The INTERREG IPA Cross-border cooperation programme, among other numerous programmes initiated by the European Union, offers ample opportunities for cooperation and social and economic development of neighbouring countries. Within the IPA CBC Romania-Serbia programme, the eligible area for joint action and financing includes three Romanian counties and five Serbian districts, empowering various institutions, local authorities and private non-profit organizations to develop new partnerships and projects to benefit the local and regional economy. The paper aims to assess the territorial impact of the cross-border cooperation programme at the Romanian-Serbian border, with focus on the tourism sector, focusing on the economic, social and cultural outputs of the projects, such as investments, key statistical tourism data, cultural events, local community benefits. Within the two programming periods, 2007-2013 and 2014-2020, tourism was ranked among the main pillars of development, either as a measure within the first priority axis during the first period, or as a major priority axis – Attractiveness for sustainable tourism during the latter. Thus, there were financed 30 tourism related projects, totalling some 15 mil US$, where local authorities were the leader for most projects during the first programming period, while after 2014, the non-governmental organisations account for almost half of the projects leaders. Not always, the municipalities with highest inflows of finances are those with the highest increase in the number of tourists, nights spent or significant visibility.

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Dynamics and demographic structure of urban settlements within Brașov depression

Cristina ȘOȘEA
Abstract

Brașov Depression represents a case study with special demographic features in a regional and national context. Densely-populated territory, with a numerical evolution generally ascending until 1989 given the successive colonization waves and subsequent pronatalist and massive industrialization measures, the mountainous basin of Brașov aligns to the general post-communist demographic evolutions with a certain moderation, given the particular features of the area.

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Preliminary study of the phreatic waters at the confluence of Cerna and Olteț rivers, getic piedmont (Romania)

Constantin ENACHE Oana MITITELU-IONUȘ

Abstract

In the Olteț floodplain, the alluvium contains a small-thickness aquifer phreatic, consisting of small pebbles and sands remodelled from the deposits brought by the upstream river; these are store rock suitable for significant groundwater accumulation. The research used hydrogeological data made available by the Olt Water Administration (12 observation wells) and its own measurements made between October 2017-May 2018. The observation drillings, taken into account, are located on a West-East alignment, located after the confluence of the Cerna River with the Olteț River within the area of Bălcești-Băbeni-Otetelișu localities. At the Cerna-Oltet confluence, the hydrostatic level of the groundwater aquifer is at depths between 187.43 cm – F1 Oteteliş and 179.44 cm – F3 Bălceşti (average multiannual for the period 2007-2016). The analysis of the lithological columns and the measurements of the hydrostatic levels in the observation wells led to the highlighting of the location of the drilling on hydrogeological sections and to the drawing of the variation of the hydrostatic levels of the hydro-hips map. The results obtained from the measurements on the hydrostatic level from 3 wells located in the study area between October 2017-May 2018 were corroborated with the specialized literature, more exactly hydrological and climatic research. Consequently, the present study confirms and explains the contribution of groundwater from the meadow to the flow of the Olteţ and Cerna Rivers in the confluence sector.
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Lithological characteristics and structural implications for the relief within the Gilort basin (Romania)

Emil MARINESCU

Abstract

The study highlights the structural and lithological implications within the three morphological sectors of the Gilort hydrographic basin. Within the mountaineous sector, there are mostly obsecvent glacial cirques, since this versant, although developed on the southern flank of the main ridge anticline, descends northwards, towards the glacial cirques Groapa Mândrei-Mohoru, situated southwards of the main ridge. The obsecvent character of the cirques causes a steep aspect of the slopes and the emergence of some shelf counter-slope. Within the Subcarpathians sector, most of the landslides occur on the strata end of cuestas or subsequent at the upper parts of the torrential valleys. The typical example of landslides along the cuestas can be found along the Giovria valley, where there are also some forms of slope undercutting due to torrential erosion within Pliocene deposits, alternating with marls, clays and sands, gathered in a folded and faulted structure (Câlnic anticline). Within the piedmont sector, the slopes of the valleys that cut through the Jiu Hills are heavily affected by present modelling process, and the river beds are drown in alluvia. On the left slope of the Gilort river basin, the neotectonic movements and modelling agents dug out strips of Romanian deposits. The predominantly clayish facies of these formations has caused recent landslides on the deforested slopes from the Vladimir basin, while the relief on Pleistocene sands and gravels is affected by ravines (the left slope) and landfalls with large steep slopes (right slope).
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Environmental management systems, instruments to achieve sustainable development goals

Lavinia CRIȘU Cristian RĂDUCĂ

Abstract

We are witnessing an intensification of efforts to align states to “Transforming our world,” imposed by the need to maintain the balance between the environment, society, and the economy. The article signals the emergence of National Sustainable Development Strategy 2030 and its main objectives. The management systems required by an organization to manage environmental aspects are presented in a comparative manner: The Community Environmental Management and Audit Scheme (EMAS) and ISO 14001: 2015 Standard – “Environmental Management Systems. Requirements with user guide “. The authors appreciate that at the level of organizations, experience in the field of ISO certification: 9001 and 14001 has to be capitalized to meet sustainable development goals. It is highlighted the fact that certification of any environmental management system (EMAS and / or ISO guidelines) brings benefits for sustainable development through better use of raw materials and resources. Proposals are made on continuous training with new concepts, collaboration between certification bodies and authorities.
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The ecological dimension of Craiova municipality. Case study: Craiovița Nouă district

Gheorghe CURCAN Ioan Eustațiu MARINESCU

Abstract

The inhabitants of Craiovița Nouă district, like most of the people of Craiova, presently live in an urban environment marked by numerous dysfunctions. The study of different aspects related to the state of the urban environment in this district enabled us to identify the following types of dysfunctions: household waste management, lack of modern road infrastructure, chaotic parking even within green spaces, high percentage of asphalt and concrete surfaces, air, water, soil and noise pollution, uneven distribution of green urban spaces, unpleasant odours caused by household waste, sewage or gases released into the atmosphere from various sources.
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Planning and landscaping the main ecosystems in Craiova municipality

Gilda CIORECAN

Abstract

The importance of this study of landscape architecture results from the fact that it classifies the landscaped ecosystems on the territory of Craiova, describes the main parks and gardens within the city perimeter (both in terms of spatial characteristics and evolution over time) and emphasizes their complex importance (under ecological, sanitary, aesthetic, educational and spatial planning report). Emphasizing the need to protect and extend the areas belonging to landscaped ecosystems, this paper identifies and proposes several directions of action in this regard: proper maintenance of parks and gardens, both in terms of diversity and the richness of the current floristic fund, as well as in terms of the existing endowments; integral arrangement of Craioviţa and Comiţoiu parks as rest and relaxation spaces (in this sense, the transformation of Lake Craioviţa into a real recreational area and for the practice of water sports is of special importance); the extension of the surfaces owned by the arranged ecosystems by transforming into squares or public gardens some vacant lands from the new neighbourhoods; improving the degree of arrangement of the parks and gardens of Craiova; restoration of street alignments damaged over time and their development by arranging arteries without such alignments; increasing the area owned by the species of trees and shrubs that are most indicated in the ecological conditions of Craiova, taking into account the current climatic trends and the possibilities of diminishing their effects; carrying out actions to raise awareness of the role that the population can play in protecting and enlarging the areas of landscaped ecosystems. In conclusion, we express our hope that this work will be a useful tool in the future management of the landscaped ecosystems in Craiova.
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Dolj County education system – diagnosis and reception basins of geographical students

Cristina ȘOȘEA Diana Cristiana ȚIGANTELE

Abstract

The main purpose of the paper is, on the one hand, to outline a complete image of the education system in Dolj County and, on the other hand, to explain the general characteristics and causes that conditioned each element of Dolj county’s educational system. The present research analyzes the territorial discrepancies and the dynamics in time of the situation registered in Dolj, from the perspective of the following aspects: educational infrastructure of Dolj county (schools, classrooms, school laboratories, gyms, sports fields, PCs), human resources in the education system, the county’s school population and its evolution, students enrolled in higher education by specialization. A special attention was paid to students in Geography and Geography of Tourism.
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Temporal changes in pluvial continentality over Oltenia plain

Alina VLĂDUŢ

Abstract

There are analysed the variability and trends of pluvial continentality over the Oltenia Plain for the period 1961 to 2018. The datasets cover monthly precipitation amounts from seven meteorological stations, based on which there were calculated five specific continentality indices: Vemičs index of precipitation and seasonal precipitation quotients (RShy/RWhy, RWin/RSum, RWin/RSpr, RAut/RSpr). In terms of spatial distribution, continentality generally increases eastwards. The variability of the pluvial continentality was analysed by the mean of ten-year intervals, while linear regression and the non-parametric Mann-Kendall test were used to emphasize any trend present in the datasets. Linear regression did not highlight a significant upward or downward trend, while Mann-Kendall test illustrated a monotonic upward trend all over the analysed region for RAut/RSpr mainly induced by the increase of the precipitation amount during autumn. The results are statistically significant for the eastern and western extremities of the plain.
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Soil erosion and landslides in Izvorul Muntelui lake area

Ioana Monica MUSCALU

Abstract

The basin of Lake Izvorul Muntelui, is located in the Carpathian Flysch, being limited by the slopes that belong to the Ceahlău, Bistriței, Stânișoarei Mountains. Due to the alternation of detrital deposits with different hardness, the slopes around the lake are affected by various forms of degradation, determined either by gravitational processes, such as; landslides, collapses or solifluxions, or processes and denudational phenomena such as: gutters, ravines, torrents. Of these processes, landslides are predominant, because in the petrographic structure of the flysh there are mainly rocks with advanced plasticity in contact with water, especially clays, marne or marny-clayey shale. The most landslides affected localities are: Poiana Teiului, Hangu, Bicaz, where hundreds of such gravitational processes have been identified, the effects of which are the destruction of households, dwellings, household annexes, blocking of communication routes, splitting villages in two parts by the transported and deposited deluvial material, but also the impediment of the traffic on DN 15, its blocking, the interruption of the traffic or its deviation. After the inventory of lands degraded land affected by landslides and the map of soil erosion, a series of amelioration measures were proposedin order to reduce the effects of these geomorphological processes.
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