The paper analyzes the issue of late spring and early autumn cold waves. We present an evaluation criterion of these climatic hazard phenomena with a high degree of danger, which can damage the crops in their different development stages, vulnerable to the temperatures severe fall. The main climatic hazard phenomenon associated with these is the late spring and early autumn frost. Their occurrence can lead to significant economic damages. The paper analyzes weather severe cooling in the interval 25-29 March2013. Taking into account global climate warming and the increase of weather variability, it is expected that the frequency of these phenomena increases, as well as the degree of crop damage. The paper is useful to researchers in climate domain, agrometeorologists, master graduates and students.
The present study aims to demonstrate that storm plays a vital part in painting, being also an important source of inspiration that reflects over the compositions and artistic approach in some works of art, the painter always being visually and emotionally connected to the details and changes of the nature that surrounds him.
This paper deals with the paintings of some artists such as Ivan Aivazovski, the Russian painter of Armenian origin (1817 –1900) who used storm as key factor in the composition of his works conceiving one of the most lasting impressions of the sea in a whirling storm; William Turner, the English painter (1775-1851) who explored the effect of a vortex is attracted to this atmospheric phenomenon thus reproducing the storm and tumult of the sky a symbol of mankind’s effort to combat the forces of nature, or Henri Rousseau, the French painter (1844-1910) who painted the rain, atmospheric phenomenon associated to the storm, which symbolizes the fertilizer for the universe power to recovery.
Moreover, one of the main theorists of the German expressionism, Vasili Kandinski (1866-1944), stimulates a view beyond the material, his works rendering the world’s signs in a heavily abstracted manner; atmospheric phenomena preceding and succeeding the storm are rendered as symbols.
Acknowledging so many signs proper to the storm, rain and hail, fog and solar radiation, vortex and clouds living in full deployment of these forces on sea or land, in dreams or in spirit it can be concluded that correlations between air and plastic storm are obvious.
The present study analyzes the territorial movement of the population during 1990-2009 by demographic in and out movements registered in the Eastern-Salajan space, insisting on the demographic survey. The conclusions show the rural migration has become a generalized phenomenon which has produced profound changes in the structure of the population, in its territorial distribution, reflecting on the educational level. The analysis of the territorial movements of the population is relevant for evaluating the human capital from the analyzed rural space, being a parameter of calculating the economic activities that are based on the local workforce.
Romania’s ethnical entirety is made up of several ethnical minorities, 20 of them being represented in the national parliament. This study aims to present the main demographic aspects which characterize the Bulgarian minority in Romania. We focused on the following elements: territorial distribution of the Bulgarians, numerical evolution during the 1930-2011 period, outlining the number of inhabitants for the future 10 and 25 years, the structure by urban-rural environment, age, gender, the marital status, socio-economic structure, level of education, religion and native language.
The present paper analyses the context, nature, intensity and effects of the changes in the land use and land cover within the Danube Floodplain, between Drobeta Turnu-Severin and Bechet. The study follows the changes undertaken by the natural environment during ca. two hundred years (end of 18th century – present day).
As land use involves the transformation and management of the natural elements to the human benefit, the environmental changes within the Danube Floodplain were less the result of natural conditions and mostly the outcome of human impact. The latter exerted a highly significant influence mainly through the construction of longitudinal or partition flood-protection dykes, of the irrigation or drainage canals network, but also through the agricultural use of large surfaces naturally covered with water, forests, or reed. Nevertheless, the importance of the natural processes in the study of land use/land cover shows a growing trend over the last decades, when especially climatic changes are taken into consideration.
The importance of the present research is furthermore underlined by the strong connection that exist among the land use/land cover change and the dynamics of biological diversity, risk phenomena and sustainable development within this damaged environment, in the framework of its particular natural and social-demographical features.
The changes made in the structure of the agricultural land use within the Desnăţui Plain are caused, on one hand by the population growth (which determined an increased request for agricultural products for own consume, for various taxes paid to the land owners or for trade), and on the other hand, by the official agricultural policies (the reforms issued in 1864, 1921, 1945), which influenced the type of property and exploitation of the agricultural lands. In order to put am emphasis on the changes occurred in the structure of the farming land use in the Desnăţui Plain, both before and after the communism fall, there were taken as reference years: the year 1970, when the political system was thriving, the year 1989, which led to the end of the communist regime in Romania and the beginning of a new stage in the Romanian agriculture (privatization) and 2009, the year for which the most recent data have been gathered.
The factors affecting the territorial organization of the agriculture in the Far East of Russia are considered. A role of natural factors in the territorial organization of agriculture is evaluated. The natural factors limiting the possibilities of agricultural activities are presented. The territorial differences of the agricultural branch in the 1990s are considered. The changes in volumes of output of basic kinds of agricultural products for a period of reforms are shown. Variations in the forms of land ownership and forms of the agricultural production organization are considered. The reasons of negative changes in the agriculture of the Russian Far East are identified.
From inception in Yaoundé in 1923, industrial activity has progressively been implanted in all the central and peripheral urban space. Such spatial evolution transforms the town of Yaoundé into some form of industrial region with a significant incidence of on the production of manufactured goods. This leads to a spatial expansion of the town of Yaoundé whose consequences are seen on the location of industrial establishments and the movement of labour force. In effect, the 112 industrial establishments with more than 20 workers in the industrial region of Yaoundé in 2013 are disparate in the urban and suburban space. They animate the daily life of urban duellers dwellers through diverse movements and trade.
By the analysis presented in this study it has been established the way in which the public transportation in Sighişoara satisfies the needs of the population to travel, including the towns which are within its administration: Venchi, Soromiclea and Hetiur. The using of the congruent method of transportation (network) with the street route allows identifying the measure in which Sighişoara route of public transportation can be extended in the conditions imposed by the actual street routes.
Contemporary tourism is a social and especially a cultural process; it is a way o life of today’s man. Up to modern times, the basic social relations represented a function of social proximity. The local communities, with a local cultural environment, sharing fundamental values, have eased the definitions of identity by the individuals and have given a meaning to the social groups, which are generally stable. All the values are combined within the “mass culture” society, which leads to the isolation of an individual among the “many loners”.The process is unfolded in various parts of the Globe. This aims mainly at the developed countries and regions, but it gradually expands to the whole world. Tourism is, before all, a form of the human behaviour. Man is the essential subject of tourism. This can be explained if we understand man, as a human being with its social, cultural needs This article will look at the big picture of tourism development impacts and approaches to deliver low impact development. It will teach a holistic approach to planning and tourism development that reviews governments’ and international donors’ role in rural land development, stressing bioregional planning as a key tool for governments and their donors to move rural areas into a more thorough process for sustainable regional development.
In this research we started from paradigm, that activated rural tourism resources can significantly stimulate the overall development of the local communities. The purpose of this paper is to explore the role of local authorities in the activation of rural tourism resources in spaces of 13 communities in the gravitational area of Novi Sad-capital of Vojvodina (Serbia). The research was conducted using interviews, with 52 respondents-local authority. According to the survey, in the studied area, there are: 23 natural rural tourism resources, of which 76.92% are not touristically activated and 44 anthropogenic rural tourism resources, of which 66.66 % are not touristically activated. Applying analytical and synthetic methods we concluded that the main causes of low level tourist activated rural resources are what local authorities do not know the value of rural tourism resources in their local community and show no interest for them. This has the consequence that rural tourism resources are tourism potential, but is not tourism attractions.
Autonomy of national apex banks has been one of the major strategies of sustaining the hegemony of neoliberalism on global and national economies.
The recent and ongoing crises within neoliberal-capitalism (2007-present) has been raised to visibility issues in the nexus of national apex banking (autonomy, interests, structure, operation, form, among others) as means of improving macro-economic stability and sustaining national socio-economic growth and development. Irrespective of prolonged mismanagement of the national economy and the presentation of conspicuous macro-economic instability, among other socio-economic challenges, there is a gap in information and knowledge regarding the Central Bank of Nigeria (CBN)‟s role in responding to these challenges. Here, we review critical literature on adverse consequences of global apex banking autonomy on sustainable development generally –including impacts on vulnerable populations excluded by the elite from sustainable development processes and platforms. Then we examine recent public discourses concerning Nigeria‟s apex bank‟s autonomy by various stakeholders including: recent attempts by Nigeria‟s federal legislators to strip the CBN of its autonomy; responses by the ruling and major political parties and the CBN‟s leadership, among others. Afterwards we examine the track-records of the CBN macro-economic management and of Nigeria‟s federal legislature in contributing towards Nigeria‟s socio-economic development in Nigeria‟s Fourth Republic (1999-2012/present). We find that Nigeria‟s federal legislation aimed at stripping the CBN of its autonomy is a reprisal against the CBN‟s recent criticism of the rather disproportionately large budgetary allocation to and expenditure on recurrent expenditure on the salaries and allowances of the National Assembly thereby neglecting and downplaying capital expenditure on development programmes/projects. The implications of this findings for policy is that while the CBN‟s leadership is not without blemish, the autonomy of Nigeria‟s apex bank must be sustained considering the trend of pervasive corruption and mismanagement in the executive, legislative and judicial arms of Nigeria‟s Fourth Republic dominated by the ruling Peoples‟ Democratic Party.