Population ageing is occurring on more extensive areas worldwide, is affecting rural areas with greater intensity and at a faster pace than ever. This study aims to evaluate the main demographic changes and their social consequences in post-communist Romania, highlighting the particularities of rural decline phenomenon and taking into account regional and gender-related patterns and causalities. Unfavourable demographic trends recorded in rural Romania emphasize the urgent necessity to address the complex processes associated with rural depopulation through national, regional or even local solutions and approaches.
Brașov Depression represents a case study with special demographic features in a regional and national context. Densely-populated territory, with a numerical evolution generally ascending until 1989 given the successive colonization waves and subsequent pronatalist and massive industrialization measures, the mountainous basin of Brașov aligns to the general post-communist demographic evolutions with a certain moderation, given the particular features of the area.