The current paper aims at presenting the demographic elements of the Roma community within Dolj county, according to the statistical data from 2011 census. The main hypothesis of the study was that Roma form a national minority with a peculiar demographic behaviour, different from that of other minorities. The analysis of the demographic characteristics of the Roma community within Dolj county focused on the following elements: territorial distribution, population growth during the 1992-2011 period, the share of Roma persons in the total population, the age and gender structure, economic activities, education level and religious adherence.
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