Abstract: The analysed geographic region knew an uninterrupted autochthon dwelling, starting with the Neolithic era and until nowadays. The numeric evolution of the rural population from this region, beginning with the 19th century, was similar to that from the national level. After a continuous ascendant evolution until 1956, when it was reached the maximum value (155,992 dwellers), the numeric dynamic of the population followed a descendant curve. The analysis of the demographic indicators (1977-2006) evidences the next situation: decreasing birth rate, increasing mortality rate and migration, the installation of a slow but continuous process of demographic aging, higher share of the feminine gender population, the growing demographic and economic dependence ratio, the lowering of the population’s activity rate.

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