In economic geography, the attractiveness of a country lies in its ability, at a given time, to attract various economic activities and production factors (business, labor, entrepreneurs, capital, etc.). It is in this context that industries are a factor of attraction of the town of Yaoundé since Cameroon attained independence in January 1960 with its territorial consequences. Since the beginning of the 2000s marked by a rebound in economic growth in Cameroon, the implantation of industries in this space increased contributing to an increase in the commuter relationships between Yaoundé and its hinterlands on account of the jobs created. This results in the reduction in the spatial, economic, territorial and administrative limits of Yaoundé whose influence now extends to near and distant peripheries. This study analyzes the role of industries as attractive factors of Yaoundé and resulting territorial dynamics at the local and regional level. Literature review, simple observation, semi-structured interviews and a questionnaire were used as tools for collecting data in this study.
From inception in Yaoundé in 1923, industrial activity has progressively been implanted in all the central and peripheral urban space. Such spatial evolution transforms the town of Yaoundé into some form of industrial region with a significant incidence of on the production of manufactured goods. This leads to a spatial expansion of the town of Yaoundé whose consequences are seen on the location of industrial establishments and the movement of labour force. In effect, the 112 industrial establishments with more than 20 workers in the industrial region of Yaoundé in 2013 are disparate in the urban and suburban space. They animate the daily life of urban duellers dwellers through diverse movements and trade.