The factors affecting the territorial organization of the agriculture in the Far East of Russia are considered. A role of natural factors in the territorial organization of agriculture is evaluated. The natural factors limiting the possibilities of agricultural activities are presented. The territorial differences of the agricultural branch in the 1990s are considered. The changes in volumes of output of basic kinds of agricultural products for a period of reforms are shown. Variations in the forms of land ownership and forms of the agricultural production organization are considered. The reasons of negative changes in the agriculture of the Russian Far East are identified.