Abstract: The study presents some theoretical aspects regarding the most important functional construction specific to nowadays economic context: free zones. There are presented the main theoretical concepts regarding these zones, the historical evolution of the term and concept, but also the examples referring to the specific subtypes of this functional construction. Also, there are references to the numerous local and regional particularities that make up a complex image of the free zones, with all their functional subtypes, in connection with the terrestrial, fluvial and maritime areas in which these constructions are included.
The University of Bucharest represents the first institution of upper education in Romania, having a tradition of over 140 years in the didactic field and, in the same time, of theoretical and applicative research in our country. It is not surprising that the most distinguished scientists of the modern and contemporary society came up from the 21 faculties that now make up this academic institution. Within the University of Bucharest, together with the permanent evolution of the didactic aspect, a powerful theoretical and practical scientific research emphasized both before 1989, but moreover after this moment, with great results at the national level and a well-deserved recognition at an international level.