This paper is meant to analyse the natural dynamics of Constanta county in the rural space between 1992-2011. This study is based on the necessity of highlighting the changes in the natural dynamic of the rural population as a result of a gathering of economic, political, social, natural and cultural factors that took place between the studied interval. The analysed rural territory consist of 58 communes that differ from one another from socio-economic point of view, aspect that determines several demographical patterns. A series of indicators (birth rate, mortality rate, natural increase and vitality index) were considered and correlated using data from the censuses of population and the statistical records of the territorial administrative units (communes) in order to reflect the quantitative and qualitative changes in demographic dynamics in rural space analysed.
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Abstract: The Băileşti Plain, a physico-geographical subunit of the Oltenia Plain ranges among the regions of the country where the agricultural branch clearly dominates as an economic activity. The favorability of the natural background allowed the outline of a landed macrostructure in which the main percentage is held by the agricultural fields, which represents more than 81% of its total area.
Along the years, there have been transformations in the agricultural fields usage, passings of some lands from one usage category to another, a process owed either to excessive behaviours of some natural factors (floods, drought, erosion), or to antropical action (land improvement workings and land organization, measures of haphazard economic policies or legislative-administrative ones etc.). Between 1989-2006, in the context of slight diminution of the agricultural surface (from 167,833 ha to 164,325 ha), there have been different evolutions for each component category of use: the arable land diminished with 878 ha, the lands occupied by orchards and trees nurseries with 765 ha, the pastures and natural hay fields areas with 3,409 ha while vineyards and vineyards nurseries areas registered increasings with about 1470 ha.